Goldman Sachs expects the economy to skirt recession, but it has its eye on a handful of key indicators that will help to tell the story that lies ahead. The Wall Street firm on Monday again knocked down its expectations for second-quarter gross domestic product, to 0.4%. Coming off a start of the year that saw GDP slip 1.6% in the first quarter, the new forecast keeps the U.S. with its head just above the rule-of-thumb recession indicator of two consecutive quarters with negative growth. Goldman had previously lowered its forecast, cutting just last Thursday to 0.7%. While it sees risks rising, Goldman says the U.S. likely is not currently in a recession, due primarily to a labor market that is still managing to churn out strong job growth despite signs of a slowdown across other indicators. “We continue to see a 30% probability of entering a recession over the next year and nearly even odds at a two-year horizon,” economist Ronnie Walker said in a client note. “But the softening of leading indicators in June highlights the importance of monitoring more immediate downside risks.” Walker said it’s unlikely the National Bureau of Economic Research, the official arbiter for such matters, will call a recession even if the first two quarters are negative . Three of the NBER’s four most important data points — payrolls, real personal income and real gross domestic income — all are running positive now. However, many other leading indicators, such as imports, consumer expectations and housing, have lately been moving in the other direction. In the note, Walker listed what he considers the best leading indicators for economic activity. Here are those top 10 indicators: ISM New Orders index; the expectations component of the University of Michigan consumer confidence reading; ISM new orders minus inventories; the Conference Board expectations reading; the ISM Manufacturing Index; the Markit manufacturing PMI; initial jobless claims; single-family building permits; the Chicago Business Barometer; and single-family housing starts. Collectively, the most recent readings indicate a 2.2% decline in growth. However, over the last three months, they work out to 0.6% growth. Walker noted that “the series that rank the best have slowed disproportionately in recent months.” The Atlanta Fed’s GDPNow tracker, which evaluates data on a rolling basis and gets more accurate toward the end of quarters, sees growth declining 1.2% in the second quarter. Goldman’s Walker said he thinks that model is too pessimistic on the impact of net trade. Exports are a subtraction from GDP, and the U.S. had been running record deficits before the imbalance moved lower in the most recent reading. The U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis will release its first estimate of second quarter GDP on July 28.
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