There is currently no screening programme for prostate cancer in the UK, so be on the lookout for any warning signs that a tumour has grown large enough to press on the urethra – the tube that carries urine out from the bladder through the tip of the penis. The Prostate Cancer Foundation requests you “contact your doctor” if you experience any of the following signs. Book a doctor’s appointment if you need to “urinate frequently, especially ay night, sometimes urgently”.

It is also worthwhile being checked over by a doctor if you have “difficulty starting or holding back urination”.

Also alert your doctor if you have “weak, dribbling, or interrupted flow of urine”.

Moreover, seek medical advice if urination is painful, or it leaves a “burning” sensation.

Other potential signs of prostate cancer may include:

  • Difficulty in having an erection
  • A decrease in the amount of fluid ejaculated
  • Painful ejaculation
  • Blood in the urine or semen
  • Pressure or pain in the rectum
  • Pain or stiffness in the lower back, hips, pelvis, or thighs.

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Acute prostatitis

Pain may be severe in or around the penis, testicles, anus, lower abdomen or lower pain.

Releasing a number two could also be painful, as could urination, which may or may not have blood in it.

“See a GP straight away if you have these symptoms so that the cause can be investigated,” the NHS advised.

Acute prostatitis can be treated with painkillers and up to a four-week course of antibiotics.

What causes acute prostatitis?

The NHS explained: “Acute prostatitis is usually caused when bacteria in the urinary tract enters the prostate.”

An enlarged prostate

Common in men over the age of 50, an enlarged prostate can cause symptoms similar to that of prostate cancer.

The condition, however, is not cancerous, and lifestyle recommendations might be advised to ease symptoms, such as:

  • Drinking less alcohol, caffeine and fizzy drinks
  • Limiting your intake of artificial sweeteners
  • Exercising regularly
  • Drinking less in the evening.

Medication might be prescribed to reduce the size of the prostate and to relax the bladder.

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